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Prostate Cancer Program

prostate cancerProstate cancer is the most frequent diagnosed cancer and the second leading cause of death among men. 241,740 new cases of prostate cancer are estimated for 2012.

Overall the incidence rate for prostate cancer has shown a decline since the mid 1990's with changes and advances in screening for prostate cancer. About 62 percent of all prostate cancers are diagnosed in men 65 years of age and older; 97 percent occur in men 50 years and older.

For men with an average risk for developing prostate cancer, the American Cancer Society recommends screening at age 50; 45 years of age for those with a higher risk. Prostate cancer rates are higher in African American Men than any other race /ethnicity group. The main 3 risk factors for prostate cancer are age, race/ethnicity and family history. Diets high in fats and red meat may increase chances of developing prostate cancer. In most cases, prostate cancer grows very slowly, and has a relative survival rate of 90 to 100 percent for 5 to 10 years.

Prostate cancer can spread outside of the prostate gland to other parts of the body, particularly the bones, lungs and brain. It is important to be checked by your physician, because early stage prostate cancer is without signs and symptoms. More advanced cases may cause symptoms of interrupted urine flow, frequent urination, blood in the urine, pain or burning with urination. Other symptoms can include painful ejaculation, stiffness and pain in the lower back, hips or extremities.
Treatment decisions are based on cancer stage, screening test scores, age and other general health considerations.

Diagnosis, staging & on going evaluations:

  • History, physical & routine exam
  • Physical Examination/PSA
  • Ultrasound Guided Prostate Biopsy
  • Staging
  • Radionuclide Bone Scan
  • Spiral Computed Tomography
  • Lymph Node Biopsy

Treatments:

  • Surgery
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiation Therapy
  • Hormonal Therapy
  • Interventional Therapy
  • Cryotherapy
  • Active Surveillance

For more information, visit the American Cancer Society.

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